Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Abortion - Research Paper Example In the case of abortion, abortion is an epidemic that is of highest concerns to the entire society. If abortion is made legal, the entire society will suffer more losses as compared to benefits. Losses that may result from legalizing abortion are that those who are fear unintentional pregnancies will no longer fear them. People fear unintentional penalties as abortion is not yet legal, they are well aware that if they get involved in sexual activities, they may experience pregnancy and there would be no way to avoid pregnancy as the law does not allow them. If abortion is made legal, sexual activity at different age levels will increase and this will further lead to an increase in the amount of people infected by sexually transmitted diseases. Another issue with legalizing pregnancy is that teenagers will stop fearing pregnancy and will continue to indulge in engaging in sexual activity at an age when they should be focusing on their education and personal wellbeing. According to fact sheet provided by Guttmacher University, 6% of all abortion taking place are conducted on teenage rs aging between 15 to 17 and 11% of these abortions are conducted on teenagers, aging 18 to 19 (Guttmacher Institute, 2012). These figures clearly show that teenagers are getting involved in unhealthy sexual activity at the time when they should be focusing on their education and these figures can further elevate if abortion is made legal. Abortion is illegal in several nations and different penalties are levied on stakeholders of abortion, these penalties are levied on those who conduct the operation of abortion as well as on those who are getting abortions conducted on them. One of the steps that the government can take to penalize those who want to get an abortion and even to deter individuals from being pregnant in an unwanted manner is to erase any sort of government subsidy or Medicaid for those who are getting these abortions done.
Sunday, February 9, 2020
Answer the Q - Essay Example Due to the rise of the contemporary issues pertaining to the advancement, kinship, feminism, feminism gender and sexuality, political and legal, nature science and technology in the modern universe anthropology tend to go further beyond its historical set goals. Development of perception from critical perspective of anthropology mainly addresses issues of poverty, gaps in regard to the outlined strategy and results. This makes anthropologist to work in development thus disregard history and the lessons it might offer, reasons for driving development externally rather than having an internal basis, and reasons that make planned development fail. The prevailing distinction amidst anthropology of development and corresponding development anthropology is mainly the application of the anthropological perspectives in regard to numerous branches development studies (Haviland, Fedorak & Lee, 2008). This also takes into account the international development and the international aid as primary objects. Thus, advancement of anthropology encompasses social action in modification of the economic, technical, political and social life for particular locations in the universe. This greatly compromises the historical goals of anthropology. This is because they tend to concentrate on impoverished, formerly colonized regions. Development anthropologists have a commitment to simultaneously critique and contribute to projects and institutions that create and administer Western projects that seek to improve the economic well-being of the most marginalized, and to eliminate poverty. Kinship mainly deals with both the patterns of social relationships in numerous human cultures and corresponding patterns of social relationships in them. Thus, anthropology practically develops associated related concepts and terms entailing descent, descent groups, lineages, affines, cognates and fictive kinship. Nevertheless, kinship patterns developed by anthropology mainly
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Decision Analysis Essay In business today, many decision-making situations occur under conditions of uncertainty. The demand for a product can be one number this week and double that number next week or vice versa. There are several decision-making techniques to aid the decision maker in dealing with these types of uncertainties. There are two classes of decision situations, situations where probabilities can be assigned to future occurrences and probabilities that cannot be assigned. A decision-making situation includes several components, the decision itself and the actual events that can occur in the future, we refer to those as states of nature. The states of nature can be good and bad economic conditions, cold or warm weather, and an accident or no accident. The state of nature that does occur will determine the outcome of the decision, but the decision maker has no control over which state occurs. Payoff tables are organized so that the decision situations can be analyzed. Using a payoff table is a means of organizing a decision situation, including the payoffs from different decisions, given the various states of nature. Each decision will result in a specific outcome corresponding to the particular state of nature that occurs in the future. Payoffs are usually expressed as revenues or costs, but the can be expressed in a variety of values. Once a payoff table has been organized, there are several criteria available for making the actual decision. One of those is the maximax criterion. The maximax criterion results in the maximum of the maximum payoffs. The decision maker would be very optimistic. They would assume the most favorable state of nature would occur. When considering profit, the decision maker would pick the state of nature that gains the highest revenue. When considering cost, the decision maker would select the minimum of the minimum of costs, which is also referred to as the minimin criterion. The maximin criterion is another criteria that can be used. The maximin criterion results in the maximum of the minimum payoff. This is a pessimistic criterion. The decision maker assumes that the minimum payoff will occur. Of those minimum payoffs, the maximum is selected. If the decision maker were to consider costs instead of profits as the payoff, the conservative approach would to select the maximum cost for each decision. Then they would select the minimum of those costs. The minimax regret criterion minimizes the maximum regret. Regret is the difference between the payoff from the best decision and all other decision payoffs. With this criterion, the decision maker attempts to avoid regret by selecting the decision alternative that minimizes the maximum regret. To use this criterion, the decision maker selects the maximum pay off under each state of nature and then subtracts the other payoffs from those amounts. The Hurwicz criterion is a compromise between the maximax and maximin criteria. The decision maker is not totally optimistic not totally pessimistic. With this criterion, the payoffs are weighted by a cofficient of optimism, which is a measure of the decision makerÃ¢â¬â¢s optimism. The coefficient of optimism must be determined by the decision maker, which is a limitation. It can be difficult for a decision maker to accurately determine his or her degree of optimism. This is a completely subjective decision making criterion. The equal likelihood criterion is done in the same way. The equal likelihood criterion multiplies the decision payoff for each state of nature by an equal weight. In conclusion, decision making analysis is a key component to maximizing profit and minimizing cost. There are several different decision-making criteria. Which criteria is used would be based on the decision makers outlook on the future.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Describe The Roles of Government In The Present Business Environment Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the present business environment governments have the power to change and make laws, having a major role and influence on the business environment. There are three levels of government; federal, state and local. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The federal government has power over such areas as; company law, income tax, trade etc. State government has power over pollution, price controls, state courts etc. and local government has power over rates, building approvals and zoning. Through zoning the local government can decide where businesses are located, or how many similar businesses should be built in a particular area. The power of the government can have direct or indirect influences on the business environment, encouraging or forcing businesses to comply. The federal government has the greatest effect over the macroeconomic business environment through the making of policies. The government has a number of economic objectives. They aim to have consistent economic growth, low rates of inflation, a sound international trading situation and low unemployment. To meet these objectives the government must place policies such as fiscal, monetary, trade and income policies. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Fiscal policy is the deliberate action of the government to change its levels of income and expenditure, through the annual budget. By budgeting for a deficit or surplus, the government will contract or expand the economy. e.g If the government needed to cut unemployment they would budget for a deficit so more money is injected and less money is taken from the economy by less taxes and higher expenditure raising employment. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Monetary policy can also raise the level of economic activity. It controls the availability of money by influencing the level of interest rates. Lowering interest rates encourages people to spend and borrow while higher interest rates encourages people to save and not borrow. By lowering interest rates the government encourages spending thus increasing the level of economic activity. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Income policies influence wage outcomes by negotiating with the unions and the employers and putting arguments before the industrial relations
Monday, January 13, 2020
Observation of Different Photons when Elements are Heated Introduction: The bright line spectrum is the range of colorful lights that are emitted from an atom in its excited state. A Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ atom, or an atom in its ground state, is when all of the atomÃ¢â¬â¢s electrons are in their proper energy level. When an atom is in its excited state, electrons jump to different energy levels making them unstable. As the electron tries to get back to its respective energy level, energy is emitted in the form of light (photons).Every element emits a different color that can be categorized into the bright line spectrum. Different elements give off different colors when heated because they all have different chemical properties, therefore, they will react differently under high temperatures. For example,  strontium, lithium carbonate, and strontium carbonate are often used in fireworks to create a red color. Calcium may be used to create orange, sodium for yellow, aluminum for whi te, barium chloride for green, copper for blue, strontium and copper for purple, and titanium for silver.Even though all elements give off unique colors when heated, it is impossible to identify all elements with the naked eye by doing this test because you have to know what color the element burns and sometimes the elements emit very similar colors. In this experiment, five known elements will be put under extreme heat to observe the color of the light emitted. Then, three unknown elements will be determined based upon the results of the known elements. Materials: 1. 2. Bunsen burner 3. Matches 4. Forceps 5. Wooden toothpicks 6. Sample of liquid calcium 7.Sample of liquid barium 8. Sample of liquid lithium 9. Sample of liquid sodium 10. Sample of liquid strontium 11. Three unknown liquid samples Procedure: 1. Turn on the gas for the Bunsen burner and light it with a match. 2. Using the forceps, take a toothpick and dip it into the calcium sample. Hold it in the sample for a few sec onds to make sure that the sample has soaked in. 3. Stick the toothpick into the flame from the side, still using the forceps. 4. Record the color seen. 5. Repeat steps 2-4 for the rest of the samples. 6. Turn the gas off. 7.When finished, compare the results of the known elements to the unknown elements to determine what they are; they will have the same color. - http://chemistry. about. com/od/fireworkspyrotechnics/a/fireworkcolors. htm Results: Element Tested| Color it Burned| Determined to Be| Calcium| Orange| -| Barium| Yellow| -| Lithium| Red| -| Sodium| Yellow-Orange | -| Strontium| Darker Red | -| Unknown 1| Orange | Calcium| Unknown 2| Yellow| Barium| Unknown 3| Red| Lithium| Conclusion: In conclusion, the unknown elements were able to be determined because their emitted color matched those of calcium, barium, and lithium.This method for determining different elements in a controlled experiment, however, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think this method would be effective for determining any unknown element. There are many elements and they may burn unique colors but often times, they are similar. For example, while performing this experiment, it was difficult to determine if unknown element1 was calcium or sodium because they both burned an orangey type color. It is possible that the toothpicks used in this lab got contaminated because someone may have touched them with their hands.If this is the case, then the elements may have burned a different color than they were supposed to. When performing this experiment, it was observed that the colors of the flames of each sample were different. This is because each element has a different chemical property. For the element that burned a similar color, this may be because they have similar, but different, chemical properties. This method of identifying elements in real life may be used when looking at fireworks. Fireworks are different elements set on fire; the different colors that are seen are the different elements re turning to their ground state.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Women participated in virtually every aspect of the French Revolution. Their participation almost always proved controversial, as women s status in the family, society, and politics had long been a subject of great debate. In the eighteenth century, women were destined to cater to their husbands and families, taking on domestic roles in the home rather than public, political ones. Despite this, women in the revolution demonstrated themselves as symbols of subversive brilliance, previously unprecedented in French society. Not only did they emerge themselves as equal and productive citizens, they changed the revolution by contributing so fiercely to the cause. Despite this, the revolution ended and women found themselves second-class citizens in France, suffocated by the patriarchal control of society following their huge contribution to the overthrow that changed the face of France. Women had no political rights in pre-Revolutionary France; they could not vote or hold any political office. They were considered passive citizens; forced to rely on men to determine what was best for them in the government. It was the men who defined these categories, and women who were forced to accept male domination in the political sphere. Although women s property rights and financial independence were met with many restrictions under French law and custom, most men and women believed that women belonged in the private sphere of the home and therefore had no role to play in publicShow MoreRelatedWomen in the French Revolution1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages9:45-11:10 Women in the French Revolution: The Ultimate Failure of WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Acquisition of Equal Rights The French Revolution has often been touted as the revolution that liberated individuals and gave triumph to traditionally oppressed groups. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, which was FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s declaration of rights drafted during the revolution, garnered basic human rights to all man, leaving all women as a subservient afterthought. Due to this oversight, many women as wellRead MoreWomen in the French Revolution714 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe streets of Paris during the French Revolution (Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities). The French Revolution started in 1789 and came to a complete end in 1799; it was a turning point for the majority of France, the commoners, who were pressured by the aristocracy. Women during this time had little to no rights, but were very involved in the Revolution. They handled necessary duties for women at that time as well as staging demonstrations and riots; other women were more involved than othersRead MoreFrench Revolution and Women3224 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesDo you see a change in the status and role of the women during the French Revolution? In what ways did it find and an expression in popular culture, art and the new political changes associated with the French Revolution? BY: RITESH AGARWAL B.A. HISTORY HONS IIIRD YEAR MODERN WORLD HISTORY The great French feminist, Simone de Beauviour remarked, Ã¢â¬Å"The world has always belonged to males Ã¢â¬ ¦ One might expect the French Revolution to have changed womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lot. It did nothing of the kind. That bourgeoisRead MoreWomen in the French Revolution1796 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWomen in the French Revolution The French Revolution was a time of cast conflict that dramatically altered the political and social order of France. Women during the revolution period had many roles including theyre political involvement, donation of time to revolutionaries, and contributions to ideologies. However, with all the contributions, women were still victimized by the changes that occurred. While these roles had a huge impact on the equality between mean and women this impact did notRead MoreWomen And Women During The French Revolution1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDuring the French Revolution, namely 1789, men and women were both dealing with change in government, society, and many different aspects of life. Two documents that represent the rights of men and women are Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and The Vindication of the Rights of Woman. These two documents are similar in content because they describe how men and women should be treated as equals in society. The Declaration of the R ights of Man and of the Citizen came first, and sparkedRead More Declaring the Rights of Men and Women in the French Revolution628 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The French Revolution was a dark time in the history of man. From corruption in government to the almost certainty of starvation for the French peasants, there seemed to be no sign of better times. These were just a few of the logs in the ever-growing revolutionary fire that was burning in the late 1700s. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;There were many causes to the French Revolution ranging from: poor distribution of power and wealth, a bad harvest which left no grain for bread, a manufacturingRead MoreWomen s Rights During The French Revolution1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages However, Ã¢â¬ËtheoryÃ¢â¬â¢ is the key word here, as this was not true in practice. As Johnson highlights, there were no legal provisions at any point during the French Revolution to guarantee these rights. Although the estates system was abolished, the class system remained, and there continued to be huge wealth disparity in France. As the October Days in the same year highlighted, urban workers continued to struggle to afford bread. The Declaration only guaranteed equality of rights. Although this isRead MoreBroken Promises of the French Revolution and Why French Women Did Not Get the Vote Until 19442987 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesPromises of the French Revolution and Why French Women Did Not Get the Vote Until 1944 Because of the discontinuity of French political history, the strength of the Patriarchal culture, and the inability of the French feminist movement to form a cohesive unit, French women could not obtain the right to vote until 1944. To answer the question of why French women did not receive the right to vote until April 21, 1944, one only needs to look at the paradoxical nature of the French Revolution of 1789Read MoreElusive Women Rights As widely cited the French Revolution served as the greatest war of liberation3000 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesElusive Women Rights As widely cited the French Revolution served as the greatest war of liberation of the human race and decried as bloodthirsty lesson on the working of mob mentality. Women despite their extensive participation in the relatively legitimate and orderly legislative and political process, which characterized the first phase of the Revolution, as well as in the violence of the Terror were no better off in 1804 after the formulation of the Napoleonic Code. The question asked is plainRead MoreThe French Revolution of 1789- 1799 was a time of change for many people of France. The Revolution600 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe French Revolution of 1789- 1799 was a time of change for many people of France. The Revolution led to many changes in France which at the time of the Revolution, was the most powerful state in Europe. The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. Harsh economic conditions brought high taxes and bad ha rvests resulted in suffering for the revolutionary women. They broke people down in Three estates: 1st was made up of
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Abstract While opposing in differences, a wide variety of perspectives merge on the fact that adolescent friendships are good for development. Research studies have shown a low status of younger adolescents being at risk for having a lot of negative outcomes, but there have been little found on the focused qualities of Ã¢â¬Å"youths relations with peersÃ¢â¬ . Our youths that reported that having a close relationship with someone creates higher self-esteem, it makes them create better relationships with their parents, and can even increase later on greater marital satisfaction. Furthermore, psychological distress doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t increase in adulthood, criminal activity has an outcome of lower increase, and research shows more positive outcomes happening. In contrast, sociodemographic qualities and level of connection shows better outlooks on adolescent friendship. Introduction Comparable questions about the effects of friends and friendships with adolescents have been discussed in abstract writings for periods. However, in most recent years, some of the questions have been answered from realistic research. Advances in recent research have shown researchers succeeding in defining exactly what a good friendship is. In much of the literature, good friendships are now defined as friendships high in quality (e.g., Berndt, 1996). In this paper I will be focusing on how friendships have an important influence on adolescentÃ¢â¬â¢s attitudes, behaviors, and development. Some people donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree,Show MoreRelated Friendship Essay: What Makes A Good Friend?965 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson when times are tough. The dictionarys definition of a good friend is a person attached to another by feelings of affection or personal regard. A good friend is there when you are struggling. For example, when a boy breaks your heart a good friend walks you through it and offer s a shoulder to cry on. According to Bree Neff, a good friend is someone who is trustworthy, doesnt talk behind your back, listens to your problems, gives good advice and tries to lend humor along with his or her supportRead MoreAristotle on Friendship1069 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof friendships that exist in the Greek word philia (a broader definition of friendship than one might think), which are based off usefulness, pleasure, or goodness, the three reasons for liking something: friendships of utility, friendships of pleasure and complete friendships. In the beginning, Aristotle says that friendship is a virtue or at least involves virtue. It is necessary to life, since no one would choose to live without friends even if he had all other material goods. Friendships serveRead MoreAristotle s Nicomachean Ethics : Friendship1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe concept of friendship and what makes a friendship may seem simple depending on what people look for in friendships. Some people may h ave friendships that are solely based on pleasure or it is because it is useful to them in their time of need or a friendship that gives the person both pleasure and usefulness. A person may have these types of friendships with different people. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s Nicomachean Ethics, brings up what the best kind of friendship is. A long-lasting friendship is the best kindRead More Nicomachean Ethics: Friendship, Virtue and Happiness Essay examples933 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the writings of Aristotle, seen inÃ Nicomachean Ethics, it is evident that Aristotle believes that friendship is necessary for a virtuous and therefore happy life. I believe that this is accurate due to the similar conditions necessary for a complete friendship and a happy life. It is also evident that friendship is useful in achieving a happy life because friendship can make performing virtuous actions easier. His interpretation can be misunderstood and mistakes in practice can be madeRead MoreCicero: on Friendship Analysis Essay1045 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesB. Thomas First-Year Symposium 12 November, 2012 Cicero Aristotle once said, Ã¢â¬Å"Friendship is a single soul dwelling in two bodies.Ã¢â¬ There are many things that go into the process of friendship. Some people deal with friendship one way while others deal with it in another way. Cicero had a lot to say about the different aspects of friendship in his time, but how would he view modern friendship? Some friendships Cicero may not be proud of; like the common relationships that are forced on in a classroomRead MoreTaking a Look at Nicomachean Ethics957 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesabout the three different kinds of friendship that (Utility, Pleasure, and Goodness) that Aristotle claims exist. I will also discuss later in my paper why Aristotle believes that Goodness is the best type of friendship over Utility or Pleasure. In addition to that I will also talk about the similarities and differences that these three friendships share between one another. And lastly I will argue why I personally agree with Aristotle and his feelings on how fr iendship and virtue go hand in hand andRead MoreThe Purpose Of Friendship1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesProfessor Baker Intro to Philosophy 13 April 2015 The Purpose of Friendship We all have friends that we enjoy spending time with, but we do not seem to think heavily as to why we have these friends. These relationships are not necessary to survival; all that is needed for our physical body to survive is food and water, yet people want to create long-lasting friendships with people they cherish. In his work, Lysis, Plato says that that friendship is the least of natural loves, ones which we do not needRead MoreFriendship1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin every childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. They are there to comfort, to laugh with, and to create wonderful memories My Friendships have played an extremely important role in my life. I do not know where I would be without my friendships.Ã Friends to me are the people you know and enjoy being around and talking to. There are the best friends that are usually closer than the others and you are always with. What I find most important is being able to laugh at anything with them and share common interests in humorRead MoreVirtue is a Necessary Feature of Friendship871 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFriendship offers a basic good that is necessary in human life. But to what extent, if any, is virtue a necessary feature of a true friendship? A popular view, and one I agree with, is the highly moralized view, according to Cocking and Kennett, Ã¢â¬Å"friendship is an essential vehicle for moral development and improvement Ã¢â¬ (Cocking and Kennett, 280). In order to argue my view that virtue is a necessary feature, I will discuss AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the best kind of friendship, reconstruct Cocking KennettÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Importance Of Friendship883 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThomas Aquinas states, Ã¢â¬Å"There is nothing on this earth more to be prized than true friendshipÃ¢â¬ . In everybody life, there are many things and friendship may be one of the most important. Friendship is a very wonderful thing and, it is one secret of the happiness secrets in life. Everyone agrees that friendship adds a special flavor to life and that with friends we spend the most beautiful times and the most beautiful moments of life. It is not limited to individuals but also between peoples, nations